Omega 3 Supplementation Brochure References - Wellness Media
Wellness Media Resources



Birch, E. E., Garfield, S., Hoffman, D. R., Uauy, R., & Birch, D. G. (2000). A randomized controlled trial of early dietary supply of long‐chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and mental development in term infants. Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology
, 42(3), 174-181.

Bourre, J. M. (2004). Roles of unsaturated fatty acids (especially omega-3 fatty acids) in the brain at various ages and during ageing. J Nutr8, 163-174.

Bucher, H. C., Hengstler, P., Schindler, C., & Meier, G. (2002). N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. The American journal of medicine112(4), 298-304.

Calder, P. C. (2006). n− 3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, inflammation, and inflammatory diseases. The American journal of clinical nutrition83(6), S1505-1519S.

Connor, W. E. (2000). Importance of n− 3 fatty acids in health and disease. The American journal of clinical nutrition71(1), 171S-175S.

Cott, J., & Hibbeln, J. R. (2001). Lack of seasonal mood change in Icelanders.American Journal of Psychiatry158(2), 328-328.

Daviglus, M. L., Stamler, J., Orencia, A. J., Dyer, A. R., Liu, K., Greenland, P., ... & Shekelle, R. B. (1997). Fish consumption and the 30-year risk of fatal myocardial infarction. New England Journal of Medicine336(15), 1046-1053.

De Vriese, S. R., Christophe, A. B., & Maes, M. (2004). In humans, the seasonal variation in poly-unsaturated fatty acids is related to the seasonal variation in violent suicide and serotonergic markers of violent suicide.Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids71(1), 13-18.

Donaldson, M. S. (2004). Nutrition and cancer: a review of the evidence for an anti-cancer diet. Nutr j3(1), 19.

Dunstan, J. A., Simmer, K., Dixon, G., & Prescott, S. L. (2008). Cognitive assessment of children at age 2½ years after maternal fish oil supplementation in pregnancy: a randomised controlled trial. Archives of Disease in Childhood-Fetal and Neonatal Edition93(1), F45-F50.

Eritsland, J., Arnesen, H., Grønseth, K., Fjeld, N. B., & Abdelnoor, M. (1996). Effect of dietary supplementation with n-3 fatty acids on coronary artery bypass graft patency. The American journal of cardiology77(1), 31-36.

He, K., Song, Y., Daviglus, M. L., Liu, K., Van Horn, L., Dyer, A. R., & Greenland, P. (2004). Accumulated evidence on fish consumption and coronary heart disease mortality a meta-analysis of cohort studies. Circulation109(22), 2705-2711.

Hibbeln, J. R. (2002). Seafood consumption, the DHA content of mothers’ milk and prevalence rates of postpartum depression: a cross-national, ecological analysis. Journal of affective disorders69(1), 15-29.

Hibbeln, J. R. (1998). Fish consumption and major depression. Lancet,351(9110), 1213.

Hoffman, D. R., Birch, E. E., Castañeda, Y. S., Fawcett, S. L., Wheaton, D. H., Birch, D. G., & Uauy, R. (2003). Visual function in breast-fed term infants weaned to formula with or without long-chain polyunsaturates at 4 to 6 months: a randomized clinical trial. The Journal of pediatrics142(6), 669-677.

Huan, M., Hamazaki, K., Sun, Y., Itomura, M., Liu, H., Kang, W., ... & Hamazaki, T. (2004). Suicide attempt and n-3 fatty acid levels in red blood cells: a case control study in China. Biological psychiatry56(7), 490-496.

Isley, W. L. (2001). Clinical trial evidence for the cardioprotective effects of omega-3 fatty acids. Current atherosclerosis reports3(2), 174-179.

Kalmijn, S., Van Boxtel, M. P. J., Ocke, M., Verschuren, W. M. M., Kromhout, D., & Launer, L. J. (2004). Dietary intake of fatty acids and fish in relation to cognitive performance at middle age. Neurology62(2), 275-280.

Koletzko, B. (2005). Early nutrition and its later consequences: new opportunities (pp. 1-12). Springer Netherlands.

Krauss, R. M., Eckel, R. H., Howard, B., Appel, L. J., Daniels, S. R., Deckelbaum, R. J., ... & Bazzarre, T. L. (2000). AHA dietary guidelines revision 2000: a statement for healthcare professionals from the Nutrition Committee of the American Heart Association. Circulation102(18), 2284-2299.

Kris-Etherton, P. M., Harris, W. S., & Appel, L. J. (2003). Fish consumption, fish oil, omega-3 fatty acids, and cardiovascular disease. Arteriosclerosis, thrombosis, and vascular biology23(2), e20-e30.

Kromhout, D., Yasuda, S., Geleijnse, J. M., & Shimokawa, H. (2012). Fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular disease: do they really work?.European heart journal33(4), 436-443.

Logan, A. C. (2004). Omega-3 fatty acids and major depression: a primer for the mental health professional. Lipids Health Dis3(1), 25.

Morris, M. C., Evans, D. A., Bienias, J. L., Tangney, C. C., Bennett, D. A., Wilson, R. S., ... & Schneider, J. (2003). Consumption of fish and n-3 fatty acids and risk of incident Alzheimer disease. Archives of neurology60(7), 940.

Morris, M. C., Sacks, F., & Rosner, B. (1993). Does fish oil lower blood pressure? A meta-analysis of controlled trials. Circulation88(2), 523-533.

Noaghiul, S., & Hibbeln, J. R. (2003). Cross-national comparisons of seafood consumption and rates of bipolar disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry,160(12), 2222-2227.

Phillipson, B. E., Rothrock, D. W., Connor, W. E., Harris, W. S., & Illingworth, D. R. (1985). Reduction of plasma lipids, lipoproteins, and apoproteins by dietary fish oils in patients with hypertriglyceridemia. New England Journal of Medicine312(19), 1210-1216.

Rangel-Huerta, O. D., Aguilera, C. M., Mesa, M. D., & Gil, A. (2012). Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids supplementation on inflammatory biomakers: a systematic review of randomised clinical trials. British Journal of Nutrition107(S2), S159-S170.

Riediger, N. D., Othman, R. A., Suh, M., & Moghadasian, M. H. (2009). A systemic review of the roles of n-3 fatty acids in health and disease. Journal of the American Dietetic Association109(4), 668-679.

Rizos, E. C., Ntzani, E. E., Bika, E., Kostapanos, M. S., & Elisaf, M. S. (2012). Association Between Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation and Risk of Major Cardiovascular Disease EventsA Systematic Review and Meta-analysisOmega-3 Fatty Acids and Cardiovascular Disease. Jama308(10), 1024-1033.

Schaefer, E. J., Bongard, V., Beiser, A. S., Lamon-Fava, S., Robins, S. J., Au, R., ... & Wolf, P. A. (2006). Plasma phosphatidylcholine docosahexaenoic acid content and risk of dementia and Alzheimer disease: the Framingham Heart Study. Archives of neurology63(11), 1545.

Seaman, D. (2004). Health care for our bones: a practical nutritional approach to preventing osteoporosis. Journal of manipulative and physiological therapeutics27(9), 591-595.

Simon, J. A., Hodgkins, M. L., Browner, W. S., Neuhaus, J. M., Bernert, J. T., & Hulley, S. B. (1995). Serum fatty acids and the risk of coronary heart disease. American Journal of Epidemiology142(5), 469-476.

Simopoulos, A. P. (1991). Omega-3 fatty acids in health and disease and in growth and development. The American journal of clinical nutrition54(3), 438-463.

Simopoulos, A. P. (1999). Essential fatty acids in health and chronic disease.The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition70(3), 560s-569s.

Simopoulos, A. P. (2002). Omega-3 fatty acids in inflammation and autoimmune diseases. Journal of the American College of Nutrition21(6), 495-505.

Simopoulos, A. P. (2008). The importance of the omega-6/omega-3 fatty acid ratio in cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases. Experimental Biology and Medicine233(6), 674-688.

Simopoulos, A. P. (1997). ω-3 fatty acids in the prevention management of cardiovascular disease. Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology,75(3), 234-239.

Uauy, R., & Dangour, A. D. (2006). Nutrition in brain development and aging: role of essential fatty acids. Nutrition reviews64(s2), S24-S33.

Von Schacky, C. (2000). n− 3 Fatty acids and the prevention of coronary atherosclerosis. The American journal of clinical nutrition71(1), 224s-227s.

Whelton, S. P., He, J., Whelton, P. K., & Muntner, P. (2004). Meta-analysis of observational studies on fish intake and coronary heart disease. The American journal of cardiology93(9), 1119-1123.